12 Symptoms of Brown Recluse Spider Bite

Brown recluse spiders, which were known as Loxosceles reclusa (Latin name) is a spider with necrotic venom. Now let us see how they look like?

Brown recluse spiders are between 1 and 1.5 inches which is 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters long. They have a dark brown colored mark which looks like a violin on their upper body. Their legs are light brown in color. Their lower body may vary from dark brown, greenish, yellow or tan. These recluse spiders have three pairs of eyes, while others have four pairs. These spiders have very poisonous bite. Adult spiders vary in color from dull yellow to tawny dark brown. Younger ones are lighter in color than adults. At the widest leg span, their bodies become the size of United
States Quarter.

Symptoms of brown recluse spider bite

These spiders are generally recognized by the presence of that violin shaped mark on the dorsum, the neck of this violin shape is directed towards the abdomen. Due to this violin shaped marking, brown recluse spiders are also known as fiddle back spiders

Brown Recluse Spider Bite Symptoms and Signs

The brown recluse spider bites usually goes unnoticed by a victim as it is discussed earlier that bites are painless. In some cases there is certain minor burning accompanied by the feeling of a bee sting. Signs and symptoms usually appear after 2 to 8 hours of the bite. Brown recluse spider bites don’t always hurt straight away.

A person may start feeling itchy and other symptoms of brown recluse spider bites such as:

1) Skin Reddening: generally the affected area gets red in around 2 hours right after the bite.

2) Open sore: a person may notice a blister in the centre of the bitten area which a sign of a bite.

3) Pain: you may experience pain the affected area from mild to severe within 2 to 8 hours of the initial bite.

4) Fever: mild fever is experienced by a person after a day is passed of the bite.

5) Joint pain: if the spider has bitten near the joints then, one may suffer from severe pain in the joints.

6) Nausea: one feels tired due to weakness in the body as venom kills RBC (red blood cells).

7) Vomiting: if the victim suffers from high fever and weakness then he may start vomiting.

8) Swelling: the affected area risen up and it appears like a wound after the bite.

9) Tenderness: the wound becomes hard and appears red, likely to tender.

10) Burning Sensation: you may feel itchy and burning after the initial bite as spider wounds have common symptom of burning sensation.

11) Dark Urine: Victim may notice dark yellow color urine. This is a symptom of a recluse spider bite.

12) Rashes: due to continuous itching sensation in the wound, you are likely to scrabble it, which can cause rashes around it.

These symptoms are not that serious, but one should immediately call upon doctor if one experiences more of this.

More Info on Brown Recluse Spider Bites

Most of the spiders are absolutely harmless to humans. Unlike others, brown recluse spider is not aggressive in nature. Most of the bites occur in response to body pressure, when a spider is unknowingly trapped against the bare skin. Putting on clothes, without checking may end up you with a bite if your clothing is chosen by brown recluse spider to retreat. Moving items in storage room without caution can make your body injected with venom if there is a brown recluse spider in your store room. Some people are bitten when they roll over in one bed.

The initial bite is generally painless. Sometimes the victim is unaware of the bite till 3 to 8 hours until the area which is bitten becomes red, tender and swollen. Most of the bites of brown recluse spider remains localized, which heals within three weeks without any serious complications or medical treatment. In other cases, the sufferer may develop a necrotic lesion (a stage where premature cells dies), which appears as dry patch, with irregular edges, a pale center and a peripheral redness. Often there seems a blister in the centre.

How is Brown Recluse Spider Bite Treated at Home?

  • Apply ice to the wound
  • Elevate the wound
  • Compress the wound
  • Antibiotics
  • Tetanus shots
  • Pain medication

Above are the general treatment which can be done at home. You can call for an appointment if you feel its serious. One should visit the doctor at least to diagnose him the affected area.

Where Brown Recluse Spider found?

Brown recluse spiders are generally found in dark and sheltered places. They can also be found in homes, basements and barns. They usually dwell beneath the rocks or logs or inside the rotten barks of a tree. However, altered environment by humans provide them places to dwell accordingly such as boxes, shoes, furniture, bedding, rubber tires and other warm and dark locations.

Webs of brown recluse spiders are disorganized and are generally built near the ground levels. This spider is a hunter in nature, so the web is not intended to catch the prey, but they themselves roam around in search of the prey.

Person being Bitten by a Brown Recluse Spider May Experience

  • Itching
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Chills
  • Sweating
  • Large sore in affected area
  • Burning sensation

Within a day the bite, the bite gets harden and turns out in to a painful lump and scabs over. If the area of the skin around the wound turns into purple then within first few days then tissue destruction is possible. There are some rare cases only where venom spreads into the entire body causes symptoms like

  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea

Venom released by the brown recluse spider contains a complex collection of enzymes which can cause hemolysis which causes rupturing of blood cells. The walls of red blood cells ruptures and the cell bodies are leaked, including the red, oxygen holding protein known as hemoglobin. The bites are not always fatal. Although one should not sit at home and let the wound heal itself, but he should call upon a medical expertise to check the bitten area, as the brown recluse spider’s bite is venomous. However the bite of brown recluse spider in rare cases can prove damaging the tissue. Deaths from brown recluse spiders have been reported only in children younger than seven years.


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