Meloxicam is anti-inflammatory drug. It is non-steroidal and it works by reducing hormones which cause pain and inflammation in the body. Meloxicam is a pastel yellow solid, practically insoluble in water. Non-steroidal pills like these are used to treat tenderness, swelling and pain caused by the inflammation. It is generally consumed by the people suffering from Osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Meloxicam comes in the form of a capsule and a liquid suspension. It is also available as a generic drug. Generic drug are usually cheaper, but in some cases they may not be available in every form as the brand name versions. Meloxicam is a prescription drug that’s available as a brand named “Mobic”. Also the capsule is available in the brand name “Vilvodex”.
Why it is Consumed?
Meloxicam decreases pain and inflammation which is caused by the hormones in one’s body. This drug is approved to treat:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Juvenile arthritis in people aged two years or older
Meloxicam Tablet Comes in?
- 7.5 mg
- 15 mg
Meloxicam tablet comes in two strengths: 7.5 mg and 15mg.
Meloxicam 7.5 mg tablets are pale yellow colored, circular, flat beveled uncoated tablet, with central break line on one side and plain on the other side.
Meloxicam 15 mg tablets are pale yellow colored, circular, flat beveled uncoated tablet, with central break line on one side and plain on the other side.
Each tablet contains either 7.5 mg or 15mg of the active ingredient meloxicam. The tablets also contain the inactive ingredients as maize starch, lactose, microcrystalline, cellulose, sodium citrate, colloidal anhydrous silica and magnesium stearate. This tablet does not contain sucrose or gluten.
The daily recommended dose of meloxicam is 7.5 mg, but looking forward if the case is serious your doctor may increase the dosage to 15 mg. One should take this medicine as exactly prescribed, at a lowest dose possible. Take it with the glass of water. Swallow the whole pill; do not let it melt or dissolve in your mouth; do not chew it. You can take this drug with or without food. It is better to consume it after food so that it can prevent you from upset stomach. Also keep in mind to wait for at least 30 minutes before lying down to stay away from upset stomach.
For the treatment of osteoarthritis, the usual dose of this drug is 7.5 mg, taken as a single dose each day. However your doctor will prescribe a dose suitable for your condition.
For the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, the usual dose of meloxicam is 15 mg taken as a single dose each day. Depending on your response, your doctor may reduce this dose to 7.5 mg taken as a single dose each day. For the patients suffering from kidney problems undergoing dialysis, the maximum recommended dose is 7.5 mg.
Who Should Not Take MELOXICAM?
- If you are about to undergo a coronary artery bypass graft surgery
- Having a disease of heart with the shortness of breath, and swelling of the feet or lips due to fluid build-up
- Experience bleeding from the stomach, gut or any other bleeding
- Had a stroke resulting from a bleed in the brain or have a bleeding disorder
- Having a galactose intolerance
- Having a peptic(stomach) ulcer
- Having or had inflammation of the lining of the stomach or bowel (for example: Ulcerative Colitis)
- Having severe kidney or liver problems
- If you are currently taking the following medicines: fluconazole (used to treat fungal infections) or some sulphur antibiotics (e.g. sulfamethoxazole)
- Do not breastfeed if you are taking this drug
Have You Ever Guessed How it Works?
As discussed earlier Meloxicam belongs to the class of drugs called non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This type of drug reduces pain, inflammation and fever. It may help by reducing swelling by lowering levels of prostaglandin, a hormone which usually causes inflammation.
SIDE EFFECTS OF MELOXICAM
Almost all medicines may cause possible side-effects. A side effect is an unnecessary consequence of a medicine when it can be consumed in regular doses. The side effects listed below are not suffered by every person who takes this drug. Common side effects can be controlled at home by first aid or some might go away with the passage of time, but one must speak to the doctor if he or she is suffering from the serious side effects.
Most Common Meloxicam Side Effects:
Common side effects are generally experienced by the people who consume this drug on daily basis. The most common side effect that occur with meloxicam include:
- Abdominal pain
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
Above are the common side effects of meloxicam, which are not that serious, but if you find them occurring often you can seek medical advice.
SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS OF MELOXICAM:
Patients taking meloxicam may experience a wide range of side effects including serious ones also. Some serious side effects of this drug are as follows:
- Chest pain accompanied by weakness, shortness of breath, slurred speech, problems with visions
- Stomach upset including: nausea, vomiting heartburn, indigestion, belching, cramps or pain
- Dizziness or light headedness or severe headaches
- Black, bloody, or tarry stools which smell bad
- Rapid weight gain or swelling on the whole body
- Urinating less than earlier or not at all or dark urine
- Severe skin rash, bruising, numbness, severe tingling, muscle weakness
- Nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite
- Severe skin reactions accompanied by fevr, sore throat, swelling on tongue or face, skin pain, burning in eyes, rash which causes blisters or peeling.
Some other Serious Side Effects may occur such as:
- Constipation diarrhea or wind
- Increase in blood pressure
- Tinnitus (ringing in ear)
- Flaking of the skin
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes
- Swelling of ankles, legs or other parts of your body
- Flu like symptoms including coughing
- Back pain, muscle pain or swollen joints
- Symptoms of anemia such as tiredness, being short of breath and looking pale
- Irritation of your mucus membranes
- Blood vomits
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- Severe dizziness
- Swelling of your ankles, legs or any other body part
- Infections in your nose, throat or lungs
- Sinusitis, a condition causing a feeling of tension or fullness of the nose and cheeks
- Infections in your urinary tract
- Collapse or fainting
- Swollen or sore leg veins
These are rare but very serious side effects. Consult your doctor immediately or go to emergency at nearest hospital. Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking meloxicam. Taking too many NSAIDs can result into cardiovascular problems. (Source)
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