Metoprolol Tartrate belongs to a group of drugs known as beta-blockers. Beta-blockers can affect the heart as well as circulation (blood flow throughout the arteries and veins). Metoprolol is used to cure angina (chest pain) and hypertension (high blood pressure levels). It can also be utilized to treat or even avoid heart attack. Metoprolol can also be used for some other purposes not listed in this treatment guide. Curing high blood pressure levels, alone or along with other medications; long term treatments for chest pain; and lowering the risk of fatality because of heart problems in patients who have had a heart attack. This can also be used for other problems as prescribed by a medical expert.
Metoprolol tartrate is a beta-adrenergic blocking agent (beta-blocker). It functions by lowering the amount of work the heart has to do (reduces chest pain) as well as the amount of blood the heart pumps out (reduces high blood pressure levels). It can also be used to balance the heart rhythm in situations in which the heart is pumping too fast or in an irregular rhythm. It functions by affecting the body’s response to little nerve stimulation, especially in the heart. As a result, it reduces the heart’s need for blood and oxygen and decreases the amount of function that the heart needs to do. It also widens the blood vessels in the rest of the body. Metoprolol can be used alone or in combination with other medications to treat your condition. Metoprolol is only available with a doctor’s prescription. There is no proof that this medicine is addictive. Metoprolol is not advisable for use in children.
Side Effects of Metoprolol Tartrate Medication
Every medication has its benefits as well as side effects also, but side effects are not experienced by each and everyone. Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious but most of the time they are not. Below are some common side effects of this medication.
Common and Long Term Side Effects of Metoprolol Tartrate
- Vertigo (spinning sensation)
- Upset stomach
- Decreased alertness
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Blurred vision
- More perspiration
- Dry mouth
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Difficulty in sleeping
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the above. They are common side effects which can be cured easily or treated at home
Metoprolol Tartrate Short Term Side Effects
These may be serious side effects and you may need medical attention.
- Feeling of faint
- Changes in mood or depression
- Loss of memory
- Tingling in ears
- Gaining weight abnormally
- Thinning of hair
- Muscle cramps or painful joints
Serious Side Effects of Metoprolol Tartrate:
Tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital if you notice any of the following:
- Shortness of breath and reduced ability to exercise.
- Swollen feet.
- Numbness in hands and legs.
- Pain in chest.
- Changes in heart beat rate.
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), sometimes with pain in the abdomen.
- Uncommon bleeding or bruising.
- Skin reactions (rash, itching, worsening of psoriasis)
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients.
Metoprolol Side Effects Weight Gain
One can experience sudden weight gain; this is the possible side effect of this medication. Patient can feel heavy and abnormal weight gain with flabby body.
Metoprolol Side Effects Hair Loss
Patient can find thinning of the hairs from head, sometimes uneven baldness also, sudden hair loss, etc. one should immediately consult to doctor if such happens.
Metoprolol Side Effects Cough
It is possible for a patient to have sore throat if he is taking this medication; one can cough more than usual if he is taking this medication. Cough can be dry or wet also.
Side Effects of Metoprolol Tartrate 25 mg
- Tiredness: This medication changes how your heart beats, so it may have a range of effects. It can, for example, make you feel very tired, even if you have gotten enough rest and have not engaged in strenuous activities. One feels tiredness and lazy in the body, a feeling of weakness, no desire to work and just rest.
- Dizziness: Metoprolol 25 mg additionally can result in, as a usual unwanted side effect, an unexpected decrease in blood pressure levels, especially when you stand unexpectedly from sitting or lying down. This tends to make you to become dizzy , feel light in the head or feel like you are going to faint .
- Blurred Vision: Once you take metoprolol, likewise you may suffer from an issue focusing your eyesight. Things close to or far might be blurry, therefore you may not be able to view them into concentration.
- Shortness of Breath: Another common side effect of the drug is short of breath: you cannot seem to get enough air into your lungs to be comfortable.
Metoprolol Tartrate Comes in the Form of:
- 25 mg: Metoprolol 25 mg tablets are pink, round, biconvex film-coated tablets with ‘B’ and ‘L’ separated by a notch break line on one side and ’25’ embossed on the other side.
- 50 mg: Metoprolol 50 mg tablets are pink, round, biconvex film-coated tablets with ‘B’ and ‘L’ separated by a notch break line on one side and ’50’ embossed on the other side. A blister pack contains 10 tablets or 100 tablets.
- 100 mg: Metoprolol 100 mg tablets are white to off white, round, biconvex film-coated tablets with ‘B’ and ‘L’ separated by a notch break line on one side and ‘100’ embossed on the other side. A blister pack contains 10 tablets or 60 tablets.
It is used to treat:
- High blood pressure
- Angina pectoris (pain in the chest caused by blockages in the arteries to the heart)
- Uneven heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Symptoms caused by an overactive thyroid gland (thyrotoxicosis)
It is used to prevent:
- Damaging of heart
- Death due to heart attacks.
If discussed in detail then,
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Most people have blood pressure levels. This blood pressure enables you to move your blood around your body. Your blood pressure can be different at several times of the day, depending upon how busy you are.
You may have hypertension (high blood pressure) when your blood pressure remains higher than is needed, even when you are calm and refreshed. If high blood pressure is not taken care of it can lead to critical health problems, such as stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.
Usually there are no symptoms of hypertension. The only means of knowing that you have it is to have your blood pressure level checked on daily basis. You may feel good and have no signs and symptoms but, if high blood pressure is not fixed it can lead to serious health problems. Metoprolol helps to lower your blood pressure levels.
- Angina: Angina is a pain or unpleasant feeling in the chest, often spreading to the arms or even neck and at times to the shoulders and back. This can be caused by too little blood and oxygen received by the heart. The pain of angina is generally caused by exercise or stress but it can also occur while you are relaxing. Metoprolol helps prevent angina from occurring. It is not used to treat a sudden attack.
- Decreasing Heart Problems after Heart Attack: After a heart attack there is a chance of generating complications which include an uneven heart beat (also called an arrhythmia) or yet another heart attack.
Metoprolol helps to prevent these conditions from occurring:
- Migraine: This is a severe headache, usually disturbing one side of the head and often followed by nausea, vomiting and awareness to light.
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